Obesity is a globally pervasive problem, affecting more than 2.2 billion people, which is about 30 percent of the world’s population. It reduces the average life expectancy by almost ten years. According to a recent study by the Global Burden of Disease, cases of obesity have doubled in more than 70 countries since 1980. Consequently, the number of obesity-related diseases and fatalities is also increasing. The diseases include heart and lung disorders, sleep apnea, hormonal imbalance, cancer, various other comorbid conditions. Weight loss surgery presents a great way to control obesity, although it is not recommended for everyone. Anyone with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of more than 30 is considered obese and should be aware of the associated health risks, which we will discuss in this blog post. Read on.
1. Cardiac Stroke
According to the WHO, heart disorders have been one of the leading causes of death globally over the last 15 years, with obesity being one of the many possible underlying conditions. If left unchecked, the issue can lead to high blood pressure and high cholesterol, paving the way for serious heart problems such as angina (chest pain), heart stroke, and even cardiac arrest.
2. Type-2 Diabetes
Obesity modifies our cells, making them resistant to insulin – the hormone responsible for carrying blood sugar to the cells, to be converted into energy. When a person becomes resistant to insulin, their cells are unable to carry blood sugar, which results in high blood sugar, and may lead to Type-2 diabetes – a potential gateway to heart disorders, kidney dysfunction, and various other health hazards.
Individuals with obesity are at a high risk of arterial stiffness that puts extra pressure on arterial walls, causing hypertension. In addition, our kidneys help regulate our blood pressure, and any damage to them can result in high BP. High blood pressure may cause serious problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure, and may also prove to be fatal.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Obesity may affect fat cells and trigger the release of certain hormones that accelerate cell growth, which may turn cancerous. According to the National Cancer Institute, obesity increases the risk of cancer in various parts, including breast, colon and rectum, endometrium (lining of the uterus), gallbladder, and kidney.
Embracing a healthy lifestyle and dietary changes may help reduce obesity. If you are unable to lose weight on your own, consult a healthcare professional who can guide you on possible surgical and non-surgical weight loss solutions. If you are considering a weight loss surgery in Dallas, TX, or Fort Worth, look no further than DFW Bariatrics and General Surgery of Dallas. To schedule an appointment, click here or call us at 469-620-0222.